Facts & Figures: Enchanted Objects

Facts and Figures

Arthurian Legend

The following magical objects found in the Arthurian legend are actually too enormous to list here.

Since Arthur and some of his companions are found in Welsh (Celtic) literature, it is only right to list their possessions here.


Objects Owners Description
Caliburn King Arthur Caliburn was the original Latin name of King Arthur’s sword, Excalibur. According to Geoffrey of Monmouth, the sword was forged at the Isle of Avalon.
Calwdvwlch Arthur Sword of Arthur, forerunner of Excalibur.
Excalibur Lady of the Lake, King Arthur, Gawain Excalibur (cut steel) was the sword of King Arthur. In some tales, Gawain’s sword was also called Excalibur. Wheter this sword is the same one as that wielded by his uncle, is unclear. According to the Geoffrey of Monmouth, the sword was called Caliburn, and it was forged at the Isle of Avalon. However, the later legend say that Excalibur was given to Arthur by the Lady of the Lake. At Arthur’s death, the king had the sword thrown into the lake, by either Girflet or Bedivere. Excalibur came with an scabbard that had even more powerful magic; it prevent of blood from wounds. However, the scabbard was lost because Morgan le Fay stole the sheath and threw it into a lake. In the Welsh tradition, the sword was called Caledvwlch.
Carnwennan Arthur Knife or dagger of Arthur.
Rhongowennan Arthur Spear of Arthur in the Welsh legend. It was later called Ron.
Ron King Arthur The lance of King Arthur. It was originally called Rhongomynad in the Welsh tale.
Pridwen King Arthur The shield of King Arthur. According to Welsh tradition, the shield was called Wynebgwrthucher. In the Welsh poem, the Spoils of Annwfn, the Pridwen was actually the original name of Arthur’s ship.
Pridwen, Prydwen Arthur Ship of King Arthur, according to the Welsh poem, the Spoils of Annwfn. This ship also appeared in Culhwch and Olwen, when Arthur travelled to Ireland, to fetch the cauldron of Diwrnach and the boar Twrch Trwyth. In later Arthurian legend, Pridwen was the name of Arthur’s shield.
Wynebgwrthucher Arthur Shield of Arthur.
Coreiseuse King Ban The sword of King Ban, the father of Lancelot of the Lake. Coreiseuse means “Wrathful”.
Galatine Gawain Sword of Gawain that Malory mentioned in Arthur’s war against Rome (Le Morte d’Arthur V: 6, 10).
Secace Lancelot According to pre-cycle Lancelot, the sword that Lancelot used against the Saxons at Saxon Rock. Also called Seure (Sequence) in Vulgate Lancelot.
Holy Grail Joseph of Arimathea, Bron, Josephus, Fisher King, Maimed King, Perceval, Galahad Holy Grail or Sangreal had restorative power, such as healing, or endless supply of divine food. Different authors described the grail to various objects, such as dish or platter, cup or chalice, cauldron, crown or circlet, rock from falling star, even a severed head in a platter.
Bleeding Lance Joseph of Arimathea, Bron, Josephus, Fisher King, Maimed King, Perceval, Galahad It was sometimes known as the Spear of Longinus, the Roman officer, who pierced Jesus’ side during the Crucifixion. The spear would continuously bleed.
Sword of the Strange Sheath Perceval, Galahad, King David of Israel The sword first appeared in Perceval’s legend of the Grail, before it appeared in the Galahad’s tradition.
Sword with the Red Hilt Balin, Galahad This was the sword that Galahad drew from the float stone. Merlin had sheathed the sword into the rock after the death of Balin, the Knight of Two Swords, who had inflicted the Dolorous Blow.
Broken Sword Saracen seneschal Elyezer, Bors This is the sword that broke when a Saracen seneschal wounded Joseph of Arimathea in the thighs. Elyezer, the son of Pelles (Fisher King) carried the sword with him, in search of the true Grail Knight. Having met Gawain and other knights, these knights failed to restore the sword. Galahad mended the sword in the final stage of the Grail quest. Pelles awarded the sword to Sir Bors, uncle and Grail companion of Galahad.
Shield of Judas Maccabee Judas Maccabee, Gawain In the Perlesvaus, Gawain won the red shield that was once carried by the Jewish hero of the 2nd century BC, named Judas Maccabee. Gawain gained the shield when he defeated a knight. The shield bears the sign of a golden eagle.
Fail-not Tristan Bow of Tristan.
Shield of Joseph of Arimathea Joseph of Arimathea, Maiden of the Cart, Perlesvaus (Perceval) The Shield of Joseph of Arimathea appeared in the Grail romance, titled Perlesvaus. Three maidens took the shield to Arthur’s castle in Cardueil. It was left behind so that Perceval would later take the shield. Perceval used this shield to defeat the Knight of the Burning Dragon.
Shield of Evalach Evalach (Mordrain), Galahad The shield belong to King Evalach (Mordrain) during the time of Joseph of Arimathea and his son Josephus. Josephus painted the red cross on the white shield with his own blood. Galahad would later win the shield from the shield’s guardian (angel?).
ring of dispell Lady of the Lake, Lancelot The Lady of the Lake gave a ring to Lancelot, which can dispell enchantment, was mentioned in the Post-Vulgate Merlin Continuation 23.57. In Chretien’s Chevalier de la Charrete, it mentioned a fairy, not the Lady of the Lake. He used this ring at the Sword Bridge at Gorre.
Stone of Giramphiel Giramphiel (goddess), Fimbeus, Gawain In the Diu Krône (or “The Crown”), Gawain won a magical stone from another knight Fimbeus, whom he defeated. The stone protected Gawain from the flame of the dragon and from the magic of the wizard Laamorz of Janfrüege.
skein of thread Ilamert of Lanoier, Laamorz of Janfrüege, Gawain In the Diu Krône (or “The Crown”), when Gawain defeated the wizard Laamorz of Janfrüege, he gain the skein of thread, in exchange for sparing Laamorz.


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French Legend

Though, the Charlemagne legend doesn’t belong here, they are sometimes listed in Arthurian legend, comparing the object between two different legends. The swords of Roland and Charlemagne are mentioned more frequently than other objects in the Arthurian literature.


Objects Owners Description
Joiuse Charlemagne The sword of Charlemagne.
Durendal Roland Durendal (Durandal, Durindana) was the sword of the Frankish hero Roland.
Oliphant Roland Oliphant or Olivant was the horn of Roland.
Halteclere Oliver The sword of Oliver, beloved companion of Roland.
Almace Archbishop Turpin The sword of the Archbishop Turpin.
Floberge, Flamberge Renaud de Montauban The sword of Renaud de Montauban.
Margleis Ganelon Sword of Ganelon, the traitor.
Preciuse Baligant Sword of Baligant, Emir of Babylon. A Saracen king.
Maltet Baligant Spear of Baligant.
Romaine (Oriflamme) St Peter, Charlemagne, Geoffrey of Anjou Charlemagne’s oriflamme (or scarlet banner), when he rode into battle against Baligant. Geoffrey of Anjou was the banner bearer of Romaine. The banner had originally belonged to Saint Peter, according to the Chanson de Roland.
Colada El Cid
Tizón El Cid Another sword that El Cid won from Bucar, the king of Morocco.


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