Agdistis, see Cybele in the Mother Goddesses
  Aphrodisias
  Attis
  Cybele, see the Mother Goddesses
  Nana
  Priapus
  Sangarius





Ἀφροδίσιας
Aphrodisias
 

A Carian fertility goddess. Aphrodisias was equivalent to Aphrodite, the goddess of love and beauty.

Her cult centre was in the city that was named after her, Aphrodisias, which existed at the time of Hittite and Phrygian empires in Asia Minor. The city Aphrodisias was later known for its art, science and philosophy. It was still a prosperous city during the Roman Empire.

 
Related Information
Name
Aphrodisias, Aphrodite.

Related Articles
Aphrodite.



Ἄττις
Attis
 

A Phrygian vegetation god. Attis was the son of Nana, daughter of the river god Sangarius.

Nana fell pregnant when almond dropped into her lap. The almond came from the tree that was originally the severed male genital from hermaphrodite being. This being with now only female genitals became the mother goddess Cybele.

Nana couldn't explain the miracle of giving birth to a son, so she exposed the infant in the wild, but it was saved by suckling on a goat.

As Attis grew and became a young man, his beauty was noticed by Cybele. She fell in love with the handsome youth, but he wasn't aware of the goddess' love for him. Attis became engaged with a princess from the kingdom of Pessinus. In a jealous rage, Cybele drove both Attis and the king mad. In their mad frenzy they castrated themselves on the pine trees, and bled to death.

In earlier legend, a wild boar killed Attis. Either Attis became a pine tree or he was buried at Agdus in Pessinus.

Attis was often seen as Cybele's consort and a vegetation god, who was celebrated with Cybele in her feast. The galli, who were devotees of Cybele, would dance in a state of frenzy, before they castrate themselves, apparently to commemorate Attis' death.

 
Related Information
Name
Attis, Ἄττις, Atys.

Sources
Homeric Hymns.

Library was written by Apollodorus.

Metamorphoses was written by Ovid.

Fabulae was written by Hyginus.

Argonautica was written by Apollonius.

Related Articles
Nana, Sangarius, Cybele.



Νάνα
Nana
 

Nana was a daughter of the Phrygian river god, Sangarius. She was mainly known for her connection to the goddess Cybele.

According to the legend, the gods severed the penis of hermaphrodite being; this being became the mother goddess, Cybele or Agdistis. The severed male genital was throw away, but it grew into an almond tree. When Nana went to pick some fruits and nuts, which she gathered around her lap, one almond vanished from thigh, impregnating the girl. She gave birth to Attis.

 
Related Information
Name
Nana, Νάνα.

Related Articles
Sangarius, Attis, Cybele.



Πρίαπος
Priapus
 

The fertility god worshipped by the Greeks, Phrygians and the Romans. Priapus or Priapos was the son of Dionysus and Aphrodite. Priapus was the god of fertility and sex of human and animals. Priapus was normally portrayed in art as an ugly and deformed satyr-like creature with abnormally huge phallus. Of course the phallus was symbol of sexual potency and fertility.

According to the historian Diodorus Siculus, he wrote that the Titans had killed the Egyptian god Osiris, the husband of Isis. His body was carved up into many parts. Isis killed the Titans and went to recover the pieces of her husband's body. Isis rebuilds her husband's body by joining the pieces together. The only part that was missing was Osiris' phallus. Isis constructed an erect phallus in place of the missing organ.

Though, Diodorus also say that Priapus had been identified with another Egyptian god of fertility, Min. Priapus was sometimes called Ithyphallus or Tychon.

Ovid had recorded that after the feast at Olympus, Priapus was at the point of mounting the sleeping virgin goddess, Hestia (known as Vesta here), when she was timely woken by an ass braying. Her scream had frightened off Priapus.

 
Related Information
Name
Priapus, Priapos, Πρίαπος.

Sources
Metamorphoses was written by Ovid.

Related Articles
Dionysus, Aphrodite, Hestia.



Σαγγάριος
Sangarius
 

The river god of Sangarius River in Phrygia, northwest of Asia Minor. The river flow through the valleys of Phrygia, out into the Black Sea. Three important Phrygian cities were founded on the banks of Sangarius - Ancyra, Gordium and Pessinus.

In classical mythology, Sangarius was mostly known in as the father of Hecuba, who was wife of King Priam of Troy, and of Nana, who was mother of Attis. It was centre of worship of Cybele in Asia Minor.

 
Related Information
Name
Sangarius, Sangarios, Σαγγάριος.

Related Articles
Nana, Attis, Cybele.









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