War of Lapiths and Centaurs

The war of the Lapiths and the Centaurs, was one of the favourite subjects in Greek mythology, particularly in art and literature.

When Peirithoüs, king of the Lapiths, invited the centaurs to his wedding, the centaurs who became drunk, tried to abduct the bride (Hippodameia) and other Lapith women. Fighting broke out between the Lapiths and the centaurs. The Lapiths were aided by some famous heroes, who were also guests in the wedding. The Lapiths drove the centaurs from Thessaly.

To read the story about the war, head towards Peirithoüs, under the Theseus page.

List of Lapith Warriors

Homer's Iliad Shield of Heracles Ovid's Metamorphoses
Peirithoüs (Πειιθοος)
Caeneus (Καινεος)
Dryas (Δρυας)
Mopsus (seer, Μοψος)
Exadius (´Εξαδιος)

Theseus (Θησευς)
Peirithoüs
Caeneus
Dryas
Mopsus (seer)
Hopleus (´Οπλεος)
Exadius
Phalereus (Φαληρος)
Prolochus (Προλοχος)

Theseus
Peirithoüs
Caeneus
Polyphemus
Dryas
Mopsus (seer)
Hopleus
Exadius
Phalereus
Prolochus
Phorbas
Evagrus
Corythus
Celadon
Pelates
Broteas
Orios
Charaxus
Cometes
Pallas
Crantor
Periphas
Ampyx
Macareus
Halesus
Tectaphos
Cymelus
(foreign wedding guests)

Theseus
Peleus
Nestor

Note that the first and second columns were list of names found in 2 different sources, one called the Shield of Heracles (possibly by Hesiod), and the other called the Iliad, written by Homer. The other four columns come from the Roman source, Ovid's Metamorphoses; the last column being Peirithous' non-Lapith wedding guests.

Note that the first and last columns were the list of names found in two sources. Also the last column was list of heroes who were not Lapiths, but foreign guests and friends of Peirithoüs. The second and third columns were additional Lapiths, which comes from a Roman source,, written by Ovid. Ovid had given more detail of the battles.

Polyphemus and Mopsus were two Lapiths, who would later sailed with Peleus and the other Argonauts.

More information about the Lapiths can be found in Geographia, Thessaly. You will find a genealogical tree of the Lapith royal house in Thessaly.




List of Centaur Warriors

 
Shield of Heracles Ovid's Metamorphoses
Petraeus
Asbolus
Arctus
Ureus
Mimas
Perimedes
Dryalus
Eurytion
Nessus
Rhoetus
Amycus
Gryneus
Orneus
Lycabas
Medon
Thaumas
Pisenor
Mermeros
Eurynomus
Lycidas
Areos
Imbreus
Crenaeus
Aphidas
Petraneus
Lycus
Chromis
Dictys
Helops
Aphareus
Bienor
Nedymnus
Lycopes
Hippassus
Ripheus
Demoleon
Phlegraeus
Hyles
Iphinous
Clanis
Dorylas
Cyllarus
Hylonome (female)
Phaeocomes
Chthonius
Teleboas
Pyraethus
Echeclus
Erigdupus
Hodites
Bromus
Antimachus
Elymus
Pyracmus
Latreus
Monychus
(peaceful Centaurs)

Pholus
Melaneus
Abas
Astylos (seer)

Note that the first column were the name found in the work called the Shield of Heracles. The other columns come from the Roman Ovid's Metamorphoses. Ovid had listed additional centaurs. According to Ovid, Eurytion was the leader of the centaurs. The last column were centaurs who refused to fight in the war.

The problem with Ovid's version, is that some of the names mentioned, were not easy to distinguish. I couldn't tell if they were Lapiths or Centaurs. With these names, I left them out of the list.

There's a new page has that containing the most prominent Centaurs.







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