Genealogy: Houses of Athens

 

The first family tree shows only two early kings of Attica. At the time, Attica was originally called either Acte or Actaea, after Actaeus. His son-in-law, Cecrops, had succeeded him, and the new king renamed the entire region to Cecropia.

Actaeus (king of Attica) Cecrops (king of Attica) Eos (goddess of dawn) Hemera (goddess of day)

 

Deucalion (king of Phthia) Pyrrha (daughter of Pandora) Amphictyon (king of Athens) Cranaus (king of Athens) Atthis (eponym of Attica) Xuthus (king of Thessaly) Creüsa Ion (eponym of the Ionians) Achaeus (eponym of Achaea) Cephalus (son of Deïon and Diomede) Procris Erichthonius (king of Attica) Pandion I (king of Athens) Erechtheus (king of Athens) Cecrops (king of Athens) Pandion II (king of Athens) Aegeus (king of Athens Theseus (king of Athens) Hippolytus Demophon (king of Athens) Pylia (daughter of Pylas of Megara and Pylos) Nisus (king of Megara) Tereus (king of Thrace and son of Ares) Procne Philomela Itys Boreas (god of the north wind) Oreithyia Zetes and Calais (Argonauts) Aethra (daughter of Pittheus of Troezen) Medea (Colchian sorceress and daughter of Aeëtes) Phaedra (daughter of Minos) Phineus Cleopatra Idaea Plexippus and Pandion Medus (eponym of Media) Pallas Pallantids (sons of Pallas) Metionids (sons of Metion) Hellen Aeolus (king of Thessaly) Deion (king of Phocis) Arceisius Pittheus (king of Troezen) Lycus (king of Lycia)

The second family tree, displays the full genealogy of the family in Athens. Cranaüs had succeeded Cecrops, when the king died, because Erysichthon, son of Cecrops had died young. Cranaüs was the first king of Athens. When Cranaüs’ daughter, Atthis had died young, the king had renamed the region to Attica.

Amphictyon, Cranaüs’ son-in-law, had deposed him, and ruled until he was deposed by Erichthonius, Cranaüs’ grandson. Erichthonius was the son of Hephaestus of either Atthis or Gaea.

Though, I have listed Erichthonius as the son of Hephaestus and Atthis, there is a popular myth that says that he was earth-born king. Hephaestus had tried to ravish Athena, but the goddess repelled the lamed god’s sexual advance. His premature ejaculation, had caused his semen to land on the goddess’ thigh. Athena quickly wiped it off and flung it on the ground. Gaea (earth) gave birth to a creature that was half man, half serpent.

It should be noted that I have listed Aegeus, the father of the hero Theseus (Poseidon is said to be the hero’ true father), was the son of Pandion and Pylia. However, some authors say that Aegeus was actually the son of Scyrius.

The two sons of Phineus and Cleopatra had been variously named. In this family tree, I had named the sons of Phineus as Plexippus and Pandion.