Genealogy: Giants and Monsters

Giants and Monsters

Chaos (primordial abyss) Nyx (Night) Eros (Love) Tartarus Gaea (Earth) Gaea (Earth) Ouranos or Uranus (Heaven) Pontus (Sea) Phorcys (god of the sea) Ceto (sea monster) Briareos or Obriareus (Hundred-Handed) Cottus (Hundred-Handed) Gyes (Hundred-Handed) Arges (Cyclops) Brontes (Cyclops) Steropes (Cyclops) Gigantes or Giants Typhon Typhon Echidna Echidna Echidna (daughter of Gaea and Tartarus or of Phorcys and Ceto) Ladon (dragon of the Hesperides) Pemphredo (Graeae) Enyo (Graeae) Deino (possibly a Graeae?) Sthenno (Gorgon) Euryale (Gorgon) Medusa (mortal Gorgon) Pegasus (winged horse of Bellerophon) Chrysaor (giant?) Orthus (hound of Geryon) Cerberus (three-headed hound of Hades) Hydra (monster of the marshes in Lerna) Chimaera Caucasian Eagle Crommyonian Sow Sphinx (winged lion/maiden monster) Nemean Lion Geryon Aello (Harpy) Ocypetes (Harpy) Erinyes or the Furies Oceanus Tethys (goddess of the sea) Electra (Oceanid) Callirrhoe (Oceanid) Thaumas (god of the sea) Meliae (nymphs of the ash trees)

The genealogy above, displayed the most of the principal monsters that are found in classical mythology. Most of the monsters were children of Typhon and Echidna, and that of Phorcys and Ceto.

Please note that Echidna was sometimes seen as the offspring of Gaea and Tartarus, and therefore the sister of the monster of the Typhon. While other writers say that she was the daughter of the sea god Phorcys and the sea monster Ceto.

The six-headed monster Scylla is not listed in this genealogy, mainly because of the confusion of who her parents were. Some say that of Typhon and Echidna, while others say Phorcys and Ceto, or that her mother was Crataeïs, Hecate or Lamia. Scylla was originally a maiden or nymph, who was transformed into the monster by the jealous sorceress Circe.

I could not display fully the children of Gaea and Ouranos (Uranus), who were known as the Gigantes or Giants, in the above tree, because there are 24 giants. So you will find another family trees, containing most of the Gigantes. The Gigantes were born from the blood of Ouranos’ blood from his genitals that landed on the Earth (Gaea or Ge).

These giants had fought against the gods, known as the Gigantomachy (War of the Giants). The gods were aided by the hero Heracles, who had killed most of the Gigantes.

Notice that not all the names of the giants were given.

Ouranos or Uranus (Heaven) Gaea (Earth) Gigantes or Giants

I haven’t included all the monsters in the first family tree, mainly because it doesn’t fit in the genealogy, and one of them is the Minotaur from Crete. The Minotaur was the offspring of the Cretan Bull and Pasiphaë, wife of King Minos of Crete. The hero Theseus had eventually killed the Minotaur. You will find a more detailed genealogy on Europa and Minos in the House of Crete.

Helios or Helius (god of the sun) Perse or Perseis (Oceanid) Zeus Europa (daughter of Agenor) Minos (king of Crete) Pasiphae Cretan Bull Minotaur