The Complete Norse Mythology Family Tree
Below is the genealogy of the Aesir and Vanir. I have also included Loki’s ancestry on the top right.
Please note that a single male Aesir god is called As; Aesir is a group of As gods. A goddess is called Asynia, and Aesir goddesses are called Asyniur.
Also note that a single Vanir deity is called Van. Njord and his children Freyr and Freyja were originally Vanir, but became Aesir, after the long war between Aesir and Vanir.
And also note that the god Tyr is listed twice in the genealogy. Some say that Tyr is the a son of Odin and Jord, goddess of the earth, which would make Tyr, a brother of Thor. However, in other sources, he is known as the son of the giant, Hymir. I do apologise if this confuse you a bit.
Snorri Sturluson provided an alternative genealogy that are different from the usual genealogy of Aesir.
In Norse creation myth, Odin was a son of Bor and Bestla. And by the goddess of earth Jord, he was a father of Thor. And Snorri wrote this creation in Prose Edda, in the section known as Gylfaginning.
In the prologue of the Prose Edda, Snorri provide a different genaelogy, making Odin more human than a god.
Snorri wrote that the Asgard was Troy, in Turkey, the city in Greek mythology that was in the Trojan War. And in this version was Thor was not his son. In fact, Thor was Odin’s distant ancestor. Thor, who was named Tror in this version, was the son of Munon and the daughter of Priam, named Troan. In the Greek myth, Priam was the last king of Troy.
Thor (or Tror) was brought up in Thrace, by a duke, named Loricus. Thor was known as for his good look and with hair more golden than gold. At age ten, he received his father’s weapon, possibly referring to his warhammer Mjollnir, but the name of the weapon was not given in the Prologue.
At the age of 12, Thor gained full strength. For some reason, Thor killed his foster parents, Loricus and his wife Glora, and took the kingdom of Thrace for himself. Thor renamed Thrace to Thrudheim. Thor killed all the outlaw and giants that he encountered in his adventure. He fought against monsters and dragon.
Thor found the Sibyl, who was also called Sif. Sif or Sibyl, she was known for her great beauty and her hair of gold. He married her, and they became parents of Loridi.
From here, Snorri begin to list 19 names of descendants, from Thor to Odin. See the genealogy on the right.
Odin was also called Woden. Odin (Woden) was the son of Friallaf (Fridleif). Odin married Frigida, or as we know her, Frigg. Frigg was gifted in foresight, and his divination or prophecy.
Odin was known for his wisdom, and he also known for his prophecy, like his wife Frigg. And when Odin knew from his prophecy that he could become the greatest king in the northern world. So Odin migrated to the north, and dwell for a time in Saxony.
Odin then left his kingdom to his three sons, while he went further north, to Denmark.
His son Veggdegg was given Saxony. One of Veggdegg’s descendants, is Hengest, who appeared in the Celtic and Arthurian myth, and involved in the story of Saxony invasion of Britan, during the reign of Vortigern. Hengest’s grandson, Svebdegg or Svipdag.
The second son of Odin was Bledegg, or Baldr (Balder). In the Norse myth, Balder was the god who was killed by his brother Hod (the blind god), who threw sprig of mistletoe, which was one of the prophetic signs that brought about Ragnarok. Note that is no blind brother, named Hod, in the prologue. Nor do the Edda’s prologue tell this story of Balder’s death. In the prologue, Baldr became the king of Westphalia, a kingdom situated west of the Rhine River. Snorri listed a number of descendants of Baldr.
See Ragnarok, for more story about the death of Balder.
See the Volsunga Saga.
Odin travelled north, to the land called Reidgotaland, which is also called Gotland, which we know as Denmark. Odin had another son, called Skiold. Skiold was the founder of the Danish royal house, known as the Skioldungs. Odin left Denmark to Skiold. Skiold was the father of Fridleif, and grandson of Frodi. Other descendants, included Halfdan, Helgi, Hroar and Hrolf Kraki.
In the Old English version of the Skioldungs, particularly the epic called Beowulf. The Skioldungs were called Scyldings in Old English. Skiold was called Scyld. In Beowulf, Hrothgar, the English Hroar, was king of Denmark, when his kingdom was plagued by the monster Grendel. The Geatish hero Beowulf came to Hroar’s aid, and killed Grendel. There seemed to be peace between Hrothgar and his nephew Hrothulf (Hrolf Kraki), but the poem hint at the conflict.
See Beowulf and the Old English tradition of the House of Skiold.